Female infertility refers to infertility in female humans. Infertility is caused by many things, including nutrition, diseases, and other malformations of the uterus.
Female infertility affects women from around the world, and the cultural and social stigma surrounding it varies from one place to another. Of course, the stigma against women suffering from infertility is much more in Africa than any where else in the world.
Infertility can further be broken down into primary and secondary infertility and explained as follows;
Primary infertility: This refers to the inability to give birth either because of not being able to become pregnant, or carry a child to live birth, which may include miscarriage or a stillborn child.
Secondary infertility: This refers to the inability to conceive or give birth when there has been a previous pregnancy or live birth.
Causes (or factors) of female infertility can basically be classified regarding whether they are acquired, genetic, or based on location.
They include age, tobacco smoking, alcohol use, drug abuse, body weight and eating disorders, sexually transmitted infections, chemotherapy, immune infertility, liver and kidney diseases, adhesions, celiac diseases, diabetes, radiation from radiation therapy, e.t.c.
They usually arise due to genetic defects and mutation. An example of chromosomal defect is Turner Syndrome. Some of these gene or chromosome abnormalities cause intersex conditions, such as androgen insensitivity syndrome.
Hypothalamic-pituitary factors such as Hypothalamic dysfunction and Hyperprolactinemia.
Vaginal factors such as Vaginismus and Vaginal obstruction.
Ovarian factors arising from Chemotherapy, Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), Anovulation, Premenopause, Menopause, Ovarian cancer, etc.
Tubal (ectopic)/peritoneal factors arising from previous ectopic pregnancy, pelvic adhesions, Tubal occlusion, Tubal Blockage, Tubal dysfunction, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Endometriosis amongst others.
Cervical factors such as Cervical stenosis, Antisperm antibodies, Non-receptive cervical mucus.
Uterine factors such as Implantation failure, Asherman’s Syndrome, Uterine malformations, Uterine fibroids.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Female Infertility
Diagnosis of infertility begins with a medical history and physical examination, usually followed by lab test, examination and imaging such as pelvic scan, pap smear, laparoscopy, fertiloscopy to determine underlying cause(s) of infertility.
Treatments can either attempt to restore fertility through medication, surgery, alternative therapy or through sophisticated medical techniques.
Natural fertility restoration involves stimulating ovulation with natural fertility drugs like MensesBalance to trigger ovulation and to also stimulate a better egg or an extra egg or eggs in ovulating women. Fertility drugs generally work like the natural hormones: follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
As fas as female infertility is concerned, here are five things every lady should watch out for:
Pain during sex
Changes in sexual desire
Irregular periods or No periods
Painful or heavy periods
Symptoms of hormone fluctuations
Four Ways To Prevent Female Infertility
Egg freezing: A woman can freeze her eggs to preserve her fertility. By using egg freezing while in the peak reproductive years, a woman’s oocytes (eggs) are cryogenically frozen and ready for her use later in life, reducing her chances of female infertility.
Early Parenthood: Fertility does not ultimately cease before menopause, but it starts declining after age 27 and drops at a somewhat greater rate after age 35.
Women whose biological mothers had unusual or abnormal issues related to conceiving may be at particular risk for some conditions, such as premature menopause, that can be mitigated by not delaying parenthood.
Preventing and Treating existing diseases: Identifying and controlling chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism increases fertility prospects.
Lifelong practice of safer sex reduces the likelihood that sexually transmitted diseases will impair fertility; obtaining prompt treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) reduces the likelihood that such infections will do significant damage.
Regular physical examinations (including pap smears) help detect early signs of infections or abnormalities.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle: Excessive exercise, consumption of caffeine, alcohol and smoking have all been associated with decreased fertility. Eating a well-balanced, nutritious diet, with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, and maintaining a normal weight, on the other hand, have been associated with better fertility prospects.
Diet That Boost Female Fertility…read more on https://www.planbwellness.com/female-infertility-what-you-should-know/